What is a Condenser Microphone?

Last updated on December 26th, 2020 at 07:35 pm

Whether you’re looking for a microphone will work precisely as you think it would, then the condenser microphone will fit in the music industry.

Condenser Microphone

As you know, that dynamic microphone is the oldest type of microphone and has the most primitive design. However, it also operates in music equipment. Still, the condenser microphone stands first in this category.

Here we’re describing all the answers to the essential questions that come to everybody’s mind. let’s start with the query of what is a condenser microphone.

Condenser microphones are highly known for capturing much clearer and closer sound with greater accuracy. A condenser microphone’s capability doesn’t only lie in sound sensitivity but also involves comprehensive frequency response, phantom power requirement, and reproduction of an instrument’s speed or sound.

Diaphragm Condenser Mic

A condenser microphone is sometimes called a capacitor microphone, as the word originates due to the parallel plate capacitor that was first used in 1916. this name is used because the condenser microphone works in the same fashion as a capacitor works.

The condenser microphone has three main components: the diaphragm case, which holds everything together, and the other is the diaphragm and capsule. The condenser microphone contains a capsule that shows similarity with the capacitor.

There is a diaphragm in a capsule, which is made up of thin metal and other pieces of metal called a backplate. The most commonly used material in metal plate composition is solid brass and gold-sputtered mylar. the diaphragm is responsible for conducting electricity .the capacitor inside the microphone can convert acoustic energy into electrical energy

Superior sound quality

Surprisingly the most prominent microphone type when it comes to studio recording, the first name that comes to mind is a condenser microphone, as it gives more versatile audio over an extensive frequency range.

Condenser microphones are most commonly used in studio recording. Condenser microphones are preferable because they pick up more clear and delicate sounds having a high-frequency range.

Although, these microphones deliver superior sound quality. It is more complex and sensitive, allows them to pick up a broader frequency response, have a more natural sound, and have a better sensitivity or higher output level.

Condensor mic would be the right choice in a controlled environment like a studio; if you have the audio treatment, you control the audio going into the microphone. You want that more natural sound, and you’re not that concerned with background noise, alright.

In comparison with a dynamic microphone, a condenser microphone usually offer a wider frequency response range and much higher sensitivities

Do condenser Mics Require Phantom Powering?

There are two types of condenser microphones, a standard condenser microphone, which requires phantom power to charge the capsule, and an electret condenser microphone, which has a permanently charged microphone capsule.

Since we noticed that some people are probably thinking, well, if the electric condenser microphone has a permanently charged capsule, why do they need phantom power?

That’s because all condenser microphone has circuitry in them that allow them to work with standard microphone inputs so regardless of the power of condenser capsule you have at the very least that circuitry is going to require some voltage to work.

phantom power

In order to obtain a reliable and effective current source, an extra phantom powering (48V) will be required. Suppose you already have a small component or USB interface that doesn’t come with phantom power.

In that case, you can purchase an external phantom power supply to enhance your studio condenser microphones’ power. The added power of the microphone gives powerful high-output sound to studio recordings.

Most of the condenser microphone uses phantom power voltages ranging from 11 to 52 Volts.

What is the difference between small and large-diaphragm microphones?

Difference Between Large and Small Diaphragm Microphones

The condenser microphone has two types the one is a smaller-diaphragm microphone and the other larger diaphragm microphone.

Most people have queries about buying smaller or larger diaphragm mic. The answers are 100% dependent on what you’re looking to do with the microphone; decide what you want to record before picking.

lets first describe the basics about these two different types of microphone

What is a Small Diaphragm Condenser Microphone?

Small Diaphragm condenser is sometimes called pencil condenser because of its shape; they’re just really 21mm tubes with a little mesh end on them.

As compared to the larger diaphragm, smaller diaphragm pencil mics do not respond well to lower frequencies, but they work well with higher frequencies .these are efficient in capturing fantastic transient response high-frequency sound.

Suppose you want to capture high pitched flute sound or violin. In that case, a small diaphragm microphone is usually the best.

Large-Diaphragm Vs Small-Diaphragm Microphone

What is a Large Diaphragm Condenser Microphone?

large-diaphragm condenser have much more mass, typically has about a 1-inch diameter surface so even though they’re not as fast as the small diaphragm.

Because of the larger surface, it will respond well to lower frequencies producing a fuller sound. The wide diaphragm is fantastic on almost everything from drums to bass guitar and vocals.

If you want to capture intimate vocals, you will find definite.ly pick up a large-diaphragm mic as it gives a warm and rounded sound.

How do Condenser Microphones work?

How condenser microphone works

Here we give you a basic understanding of how these microphones work; let’s explore the real-world difference between a working condenser microphone and a dynamic microphone.

When the capsule is charged, it generates an electrical field as sound waves hit the diaphragm, and it moves closer and farther away from the backplate. so that it translates the sound signals into an electrical signal

The diaphragm moves the actual capacitance of this circuit, which imparts a small electrical output now. This output is very small Ness be amplified within the microphone.

A Fe T amplifier in this microphone to convert it and up to give it enough juice essentially to drive through the mic cable to your electronics whether it’s an audio mixer for live sound or whether it’s an audio recording device through a preamp for recording

When the diaphragm vibrates according to the sound waves’ rhythm, the condenser mic senses the capacitance change. For that reason, the condenser capsule must be charged with a pretty high voltage, usually 48V or so.

what is a Condenser Microphone Good For?

Condenser Microphone

Condenser microphones are the ones to go with if you’re looking for the ultimate fidelity. There are many models in the market, and these are the best among them.

But when we think about which one is affordable, Audio Technica AT2020 is the best one. This mic is designed for vocal and general instruments capturing the capsule with a low mass side-address. Diaphragm with the cardioid polar pattern that rejects ambience and noise at the off-axis section of the capsule.

Its linear frequency response range is 20Hz to 20kHz, which allows it to reproduce the signal from various sources. its high SPL handling and wide dynamic range will enable it to capture loud signals with minimal noise and distortion

so, at last, it’s a great deal for you to go for this one

On the other hand, if we talk about professionalism, then NEEWER NW-700 professional condenser microphone adopts an entirely new audio circuit to help you capture rich, full-bodied sound from sources that are directly in front of the mic. But If cheap is what you demand, there’s none more inexpensive microphone than NEEWER.

The cardioid picks up pattern, minimizes background noise, and isolates the main sound source; it comes in a set, and the included adjustable scissor arm stand is all steel and is foldable.

Its windscreen pop filter mask shield can ensure that your tracks are audible and easy to understand. The metal shock mount effectively reduces handling noise. so among the mics, this one is more famous in the music industry and is even closer to affordable


Whether you are trying to start a home studio, but you don’t know about music recording and its instruments, don’t need to worry aboutits. The one piece of equipment that you still like to use in an indoor shooting is a condenser microphone.

As we mentioned above, the condenser microphone is equipped with the capacitor design having a diaphragm and backplate; sound waves move back and forth, producing electrical signals by an electrical supply. The electrical signal then passes through an impendence converter so that it can then be amplified or recorded.

Suppose you’re a recordist and assemble a decent collection of the budget microphone. In that case, a condenser microphone is a perfect choice that makes everything sound amazing, so we’ve covered the most budget-friendly options for you to make your recording upgrade to the next level.

Always make sure that you purchase the right microphone for the right purpose to get the best sound quality at all.

So anyway, that concludes the most comprehensive knowledge about what is a condenser microphone? we expect that you have learned a lot and made a decision.  Hope You enjoyed it, guys.

To learn more about microphones, check out our guides.

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